Zygolophodon borsoni

Average size estimate for Z. borsoni

Zygolophodon is an extinct genus of African, Asian, North American and European mammutid that lived from the Miocene to the early Pleistocene.

Zygolophodon fossils

Skull of East Asian Zygolophodon species

Zygolophodon distribution

Geographical range of Zyglophodon


Zygolophodon borsoni is a large species that was sometimes considered as a species of Mammut, and it was one of the largest terrestrial mammals of all time. With a shoulder height of about 3.9–4.1 metres (12.8–13.5 ft) and a weight of about 14–16 tonnes (15.4–17.6 short tons), it approached the size of Paraceratherium, and was heavier than several sauropod dinosaurs.[3] 




Further reading[]

  • Freeman, Leslie G. (1978-01-01). Views of the Past: Essays in Old World Prehistory and Paleanthropology. Walter de Gruyter.

^ Youping, Yuzhu, Hongxiang, Suyin, Zhang, Long, Ji, Ding (November 1999) [March 1989].

  • "The Cenozoic Deposits of the Yunnnan Region (Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology, Paleoanthropology Academia Sinica)" (PDF). Professional Papers on Stratigraphy and Paleontology, No. 7 Geological Publishing House, Peking, China, pp. 1-21.

^ Larramendi, A. (2016). "Shoulder height, body mass and shape of proboscideans" (PDF). Acta Palaeontologica Polonica. 61. doi:10.4202/app.00136.2014.