Spectacled caiman
In Tobago river of Trinidad & Tobago
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Crocodilia
Family: Alligatoridae
Subfamily: Caimaninae
Genus: Caiman
Species: C. crocodilus
Binomial name
'Caiman crocodilus
Schneilder, 1801
Map of caiman distribution
  • C. sclerops Schneider, 1801
  • C. caiman Daudin, 1802
  • C. alligator? Blumenbach, 1807
  • C. punctulatus Spix, 1825
  • C. vallifrons Natterer, 1841
  • C. longiscuta Gray, 1862
  • C. multiscuta Gray, 1869
  • C. hirticollis Gray, 1869
  • C. lacordairei Borre, 1869

The Spectacled caiman (Caiman crocodilus) also known as the White Caiman or Common caiman is a crocodilian found in much of Central and South America. It lives in a range of lowland wetland and riverine habitats, and can tolerate saltwater as well as freshwater, due to it's high adaptability.


This crocodile is a small to medium sized crocodilian. Males are somewhere around 1.8 to 2 meters in adult stage. Exceptionally large males can stretch up to 2.5 meters. Reports show they can reach up to 2.8 meters too. Females are smaller like all other crocodilians. With the average size of the females being 1.3 meters. Largest female was in captivity and died due to heart disease. It was about 1.61 meters at the time of death. Their body mass is about 58 kg on average for an adult male. Females usually don't cross the 32 kg boundary. They are usually bigger in South American parts than the North American parts. It's name comes from it's bony eye ridges, which looked like spectacles when observed first by amateurs.

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