Sharfia mirabilis
An artist's illustration of Sharfia mirabilis
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Lophiiformes
Family: Lophiidae
Genus: Sharfia
Pietsch & Carnevale, 2011
Species: S. mirabilis
Binomial name
Sharfia mirabilis
Pietsch & Carnevale, 2011

Sharfia mirabilis is an extinct species of anglerfish in the family Lophiidae. It was discovered in 2011 during a review of fossil material at the Muséum national d'histoire naturelle in Paris. The fossil material was collected from the Monte Bolca Lagerstätte, one of the earliest known Eocene fossil sites. The undescribed genus was originally identified as Lophius brachysomus.

The fish lived around 50 million years ago during the Ypresian stage, making it the oldest lophiid found to date based on articulated skeletal remains. It has several features that distinguish it from other lophiids, in particular regarding its opercular bones. It probably inhabited the muddy and sandy bottoms of the inner Tethys Ocean. It occupied a niche like its modern relatives, hiding in the sandy sea bottom where it blended in with its environment and sneaked up on prey whilst hiding from predators.