Queen Charlotte Islands caribou
An artist's illustration of Rangifer tarandus dawsoni
Conservation status
Extinct  (1908)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Artiodactyla
Family: Cervidae
Subfamily: Capreolinae
Genus: Rangifer
Species: R. tarandus
Subspecies: R. t. dawsoni
Trinomial name
Rangifer tarandus dawsoni
Seton, 1900

The Queen Charlotte Islands caribou or Dawson's caribou (Rangifer tarandus dawsoni) is an extinct subspecies of the caribou that once lived on Graham Island, the largest of the Haida Gwaii islands in British Columbia, Canada. Possible causes of extinction include habitat destruction, introduced disease and overhunting. It was gray in appearance. The last three caribou killed in 1908 can be seen at the Royal British Columbia Museum, where their pelts and bones are preserved and displayed. Recent analysis of mtDNA suggests that the Queen Charlotte Islands Caribou was not genetically distinct from the subspecies from the Canadian mainland.