Temporal range: Paleocene – Holocene
African bush elephant (Loxodonta africana)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Proboscidea
Illiger, 1811

Elephants (Proboscideans) are a group of large land mammals. They are characterized by a muscular hand-like nose (the trunk), large ears, and ivory tusks. Elephants first evolved about 50mya from the a large group of unspecialized mammals called Condylarths. The elephants were closely related to the rhinoceros-looking Arsinoitherium but had more specialized teeth, but elephants were only very distantly related to the elephant-like Notoungulate Astrapotheres and Pyrotheres of South America.  Elephants have lived on every continent except Australia and Antarctica.

Common Members

Common members include Amebelodon, American Mastodon, Anancus, Archaeobelodon, Archidiskodon, Barytherium, ChoerolophodonColumbian Mammoth, Cuvieronius, Deinotherium, Dwarf Sicilian Elephant, Eritherium, GnathabelodonGomphotherium, Haplomastodon, Kikinda MammothMoeritherium, Palaeoloxodon, Paleomastodon, PediolophodonPhanagoroloxodonPhiomia, Phosphatherium, Platybelodon, Primelephas, Prodeinotherium, RhynchotheriumSinomastodon, Stegodon, Stegomastodon, Stegotetrabelodon, Tetralophodon and the Woolly Mammoth.