Temporal range: Early Miocene
|A restored sketch sheet of Pengana robertbolesi|
Pengana also referred to as the flexiraptor, is an extinct genus of bird of prey that lived during the Early Miocene (23–16 million years ago). Living relatives of Pengana robertbolesi may include the harriers. When alive, it may have resembled a cross between the secretarybird and crested caracara.
Its remains were found in Riversleigh, Queensland, Australia. P. robertbolesi is only known from a tibiotarsus (ankle bone). However, this is of most peculiar construction, allowing the leg to be swivelled backwards and sideways. The bird was thus well adapted to reaching into holes and crevices and extracting prey. The vernacular name flexiraptor was coined to reflect this ability.