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Temporal range: Oligocene – Miocene
An artist's illustration of Peltephilus ferox
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Superorder: Xenarthra
Order: Cingulata
Family: Chlamyphoridae
Genus: Peltephilus
Species: P. ferox
Binomial name
Peltephilus ferox

Peltephilus or horned armadillo is a genus of dog-sized, armadillos which first inhabited Argentina during the Oligocene epoch, and became extinct in the Miocene epoch. Notably, the scutes on its head were so developed that they formed horns protecting its eyes. Aside from the horned gophers of North America, it is the only known fossorial horned mammal.

Although it had traditionally been perceived as a carnivore because of its large, triangular-shaped teeth, Vizcaino and Farina argued in 1997 that Peltephilus was a herbivore.

In Popular Culture

Peltephilus appears as a Glacier Park animal in Jurassic Park: Builder.