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Palaeoctopus
Temporal range: Late Cretaceous
EB1911 Cephalopoda Fig. 39.—Palaeoctopus Newboldi.jpg
A historical restoration of Palaeoctopus newboldi
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Cephalopoda
Order: Octopoda
Family: Palaeoctopodidae
Genus: Palaeoctopus
Woodward, 1896
Species: P. newboldi
Binomial name
Palaeoctopus newboldi
Woodward, 1896
Synonyms
  • Calaïs newboldi Woodward, 1896
  • Paleoctopus newboldi orth.var.

Palaeoctopus is an extinct genus of basal octopod that lived in the Late Cretaceous, approximately 89 to 71 million years ago. Fossil material assigned to this species originates from the Mount Hajoula region in Lebanon. The holotype was found below the Old Covent, Sahel-el-Alma, Mount Lebanon and is deposited at the Natural History Museum in London. It might belong to the Cirrina or be more basal in the Octopoda. Specimens from the Turonian of Vallecino, Mexico, originally described as P. pelagicus, are reinterpreted to be portions of a coelacanth.

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