Temporal range: Miocene – Early Pleistocene
2345626481 0834572cec b
A front limb bone of Megatylopus sp.
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Artiodactyla
Family: Camelidae
Tribe: Camelini
Genus: Megatylopus
Matthew & Cook, 1909
Referred species
  • Megatylopus cochrani
  • Megatylopus gigas (type)
  • Megatylopus matthewi
  • Megatylopus primaevus

Megatylopus (also known as the North American camel) is an extinct and large genus of camelid the family Camelidae, endemic to North America from the Miocene through Late Pliocene—Early Pleistocene boundary 13.6—1.8 mya, existing for approximately 11.8 million years.


Megatylopus was named by Matthew and Cook (1909). Its type is Megatylopus gigas. It was synonymized subjectively with Paracamelus by Macdonald (1959). It was assigned to Camelidae by Matthew and Cook (1909), Webb (1965), Patton (1969), Harrison (1985), Carroll (1988) and Honey et al. (1998).


It stood about 4.20 m (14 ft) tall, with its legs already measuring 2.10 m (7 ft). Fossil remains have been found in Oklahoma, United States.

Body mass[]

A single specimen was examined for estimated body mass by M. Mendoza, C. M. Janis, and P. Palmqvist. This specimen was estimated to weigh 1,698.4 kg (3,700 lb).