Temporal range: Pliocene – Pleistocene
Makapania 280 223 s
An artist's illustration of Makapania broomi
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Artiodactyla
Family: Bovidae
Subfamily: Caprinae
Genus: Makapania
Wells & Cooke, 1957
Species: M. broomi
Binomial name
Makapania broomi
Wells & Cooke, 1957

Makapania is an extinct genus of large caprid or ovibovine from the Pliocene and Pleistocene of southern and East Africa. It is remarkable in that its horns were positioned laterally. Its closest living relatives are the musk-ox of North America and the takin of Tibet. Its body weight is estimated to have been about 263 kg.

Makapania is thought to have been both a browser and a grazer. It probably preferred grasses, and would have required a nearby source of permanent water.

Makapania broomi has been found at Sterkfontein Members 4 and 5, Swartkrans Members 1-3, Gladysvale, Motsetse and possibly Coopers. It has been recovered from 3-million-year-old sediments in East Africa. The type specimen was found at Makapansgat. This species existed from about 3 mya until 1 mya, or perhaps more recently.