Leaellynasaura amicagraphica
Name Leaellynasaura amicagraphica
Order Ornithischia
Suborder Cerapoda
Class Sauropsida
Name Translation Named after Leaellyn Rich (the daughter of Tom Rich and Patricia Vickers-Rich) and saura is the feminin word for lizard or reptile.
Period Early-Mid Cretaceous (118-90 million years ago)
Location Australia
Diet Plants
Size 60-90 cm (2-3 feet) long and 45 cm (2.5 feet) tall

Leaellynasaura was a small herbivorous ornithopod dinosaur of about 60–90 cm in length from the earliest Cretaceous, first discovered in Dinosaur Cove, Australia. Strangely enough, at this period in time, Victoria would have been well within the Antarctic Circle, which is now very cold. This means that Leaellynasaura was living and apparently thriving much further south than any reptile could today. This is particularly relevant due to Cryolophosaurus being discovered in Antarctica, thus further suggesting the idea that dinosaurs could live under conditions which were once thought unsuitable for their kind. It is possible that the sun would not have risen for several weeks or months in the winter, depending on latitude, which means that Leaellynasaura would have had to live in the dark for perhaps months at a time, possibly having a dormancy until Spring. This is particularly relevant to the fact that Leaellynosaura had very big eyes and its brain had large optic lobes, as if it had evolved to be routinely active in the dark. Regardless, the fact that it lived in extremely cold temperatures led many scientists to believe that Leaellynasaura was warm-blooded. It was preyed on by the Koolasuchus.

The type species is Leaellynasaura amicagraphica. It was described in 1989; It was named after Leaellyn Rich, the daughter of the palaeontologist couple Tom Rich and Patricia Vickers-Rich who discovered it. Leaellynasaura was a hypsilophodont, a rather basal ornithopod. Like all ornithopods, it was a herbivore. So far, no complete skeletons have been found of Leaellynasaura. It stood at about one metre (3 feet).

In popular culture[]

Leaellynasaura appeared on the fifth episode of Walking with Dinosaurs.

Evolved cold-weather Leaellynasaura appeared in Stephen Baxter’s “Evolution” in the chapter “The Last Burrow.”


see Leaellynasaura/Gallery