Kalimantsia is a species of Chalicothere from the Miocene Bulgaria, Europe. It contains one species, K. bulgarica.


The teeth of Kalimantsia are long and low, and well adapted for eating leaves.


It has a domed head that would have resembled those of pachycephalosaurs. It is also speculated that males often competed by butting their heads together. The habitat would have been quite open and the remains of Kalimantsia are accompanied by those of horses, early deer, and various carnivorous mammals and almost 3 metre long.

Kalimantsia has a shorter muzzle than the horse-like shapes of the rest of the chalicotheres. [1]


feeds on leaves, soft shoots, or fruits of high-growing, generally woody plants such as shrubs. This is contrasted with grazing, usually associated with animals feeding on grass or other lower vegetations. Alternatively, grazers are animals eating mainly grass, and browsers are animals eating mainly non-grasses, which include both woody and herbaceous dicots. In either case, an example of this dichotomy are goats (which are browsers) and sheep (which are grazers); these two closely related ruminants utilize dissimilar food sources.


  1. World Encyclopedia of Dinosaurs & Prehistoric Creatures: The Ultimate Visual Reference To 1000 Dinosaurs And Prehistoric Creatures Of Land, Air And Sea From The Triassic, Jurassic And Cretaceous Eras