Homo erectus 1
Homo erectus
remains one of the most successful and long-lived species of the Homo genus. It is generally consided to have given rise to a number of descendant species and subspecies.

The discovery of Homo floresiensis, and particularly its recent survival, has raised the possibility that numerous descendant species of Homo erectus may have existed in the islands of south-east Asia which await fossil discovery. Some scientists are sceptical about the claim that Homo floresiensis is a descendant of Homo erectus. One theory holds that the fossils are from a modern human with microcephaly, while another one claims that they are from a group of pigmies.