European dhole
Temporal range: Middle Pleistocene
Several skeletal remains of Cuon alpinus europaeus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Family: Canidae
Genus: Cuon
Species: C. alpinus
Subspecies: C. a. europaeus
Trinomial name
Cuon alpinus europaeus
Bourguignat, 1868

The European dhole (Cuon alpinus europaeus) is an extinct subspecies of the dhole which ranged throughout much of Western and Central Europe during the late Middle Pleistocene. Like the modern Asiatic populations, it was a more progressive form than other prehistoric members of the genera Cuon, having transformed its lower molar tooth into a single cusped slicer. It was virtually indistinguishable from its modern counterpart, save for its greater size, which closely approached that of the gray wolf.

It became extinct in much of Europe during the late Würm period, though it may have survived in the Iberian Peninsula up until the early Holocene. One factor contributing to its extinction may have been interspecific competition with grey wolves and other wolf-like canids.

Community content is available under CC-BY-SA unless otherwise noted.