|An artist's illustration of Eoraptor lunensis|
Sereno et al., 1993
Sereno et al., 1993
Eoraptor, binomial name Eoraptor Lunensis, meaning 'dawn thief', was a species of dinosaur classified under the saurischia order of dinosauria. It is widely considered to be one of the worlds earliest dinosaurs. The Eoraptor lived during the late Triassic Period, around 231 to 228 million years ago (mya), and is believed to resemble the ancestor of all dinosaurs. It is known by well-preserved fossil records found in Argentina.
Eoraptor had two different types of teeth, indicating that it ate both small animals and plants.
The Eoraptor, was given the name raptor but it has no relations to the Velociraptor or any dromaeosaurids. Like many early dinosaurs, had a relatively small body in comparison to dinosaurs of later periods. It had a thin body that was approximately 1 meter in length when fully developed, and weighed approximately 10 kilograms. A bipedal carnivore, the Eoraptor ran upright on its hind legs, while its forelimbs were only half the length of the hind legs. Each forelimb ended in a five digit hand, with three of the digits ending in large claws that were believed to be used to catch and handle prey. While it was believed to have eaten small animals, due to its like swift speed and sharp claws, the Eoraptor also possessed both herbivorous and carnivorous teeth, leading to suggestions that Eoraptor may have been omnivorous.
The fossil remains of the Eoraptor were first discovered in 1991 by paleontologist Paul Sereno, in the Ischigualasto Basin located in Argentina. Although the area is now barren as a desert badlands, it was believed to have been a river valley during the late Triassic. The Eoraptor was found in the Ischigualasto Formation, which was also the same foundation in which the early theropod Herrerasaurus was located. As the Eoraptor lacked the specialized hunting features of the major groups of later carnivorous dinosaurs, such as a sliding joint within the articulation of the lower jaw, which would have been used to hold larger prey, it was determined to be one of the world's earliest dinosaurs in 1993. Further evidence supporting the claim of its age was the fact that only some of the Eoraptor's teeth were curved and serrated, unlike later predators.
As the Eoraptor possessed both herbivorous and carnivorous teeth, as well as five fully developed fingers, it was suggested that the Eoraptor was a more ancient species than even the Herrerasaurus. It is believed that only some prosauropods recently discovered in Madagascar of older age. The Staurikosaurus is considered to be possibly older, but due to its large size, it is expected to be of a later evolutionary period. However, as Staurikosaurus seems to have qualities present in both prosauropods and theropods, similar to Eoraptor's shared herbivorous and carnivorous tendencies, it has led researchers to question Eoraptor's primitive label, as its suggested omnivorous qualities were a key factor in its age deduction.
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- Eoraptor appeared in Dinosaur Revolution when an Eoraptor saved a female from a Saurosuchus and later had a child that was almost killed several times, but was saved by his parents.
- Eoraptor was also featured in Dinosaur Train. In the app, it is stated as a theropod, whereas in real life, it was a basal dinosaur.
- Eoraptor appears in the game, Fossil Fighters: Champions. Ironically, it’s given white Proto-feathers on its head and tail, while also supporting a beard. This is to reflect that Eoraptor was one of the oldest known dinosaurs.
- Eoraptor appears in the Amazon Prime series, Dino Dana.