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Dravidosaurus
Temporal range: Late Cretaceous, Coniacian
DravidosaurusGE 47a9
Dravidosaurus as a stegosaur
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Superorder: Dinosauria
Order: Ornithischia
Family: Stegosauria
Genus: Dravidosaurus
Yadagiri and Ayyasami, 1979
Species
  • D. blanfordi Yadariri and Ayyasami, 1979 (type)

Dravidosaurus (meaning "Dravidanadu lizard", Dravidanadu being a region in the southern part of India where the remains were discovered) is an extinct genus of stegosaur dinosaur that lived in what is now India.

Dravidosaurus lived in the Late Cretaceous period (Coniacian stage) of what is now India. It is only known from disassociated remains comprising a partial skull, a tooth, a sacrum, an ilium, an ischium, a dermal plate, and a spike. The badly weathered remains were discovered in marine deposits near Ariyalur in the state of Tamil Nadu in South India. They were in 1979 named by P.M. Yadagiri and Krishnan Ayyasami as the type species Dravidosaurus blanfordi, the specific name honouring William Thomas Blanford. The holotype partial skull is catalogued as GSI SR Pal 1, while other specimens are catalogued GSI SR Pal 2-7.[1]

In 1991, Sankar Chatterjee visited the site and claimed, without concrete morphological evidence, that Dravidosaurus is a plesiosaur, the species being a nomen dubium.[2] However, this claim was rejected Galton and Upchurch (2004), who noted that the skull, tooth and plate of Dravidosaurus are certainly not plesiosaurian.[3] Galton and Ayyasami (2017) reaffirmed the stegosaurian classification of Dravidosaurus by noting that stegosaurian remains from the Dravidosaurus type locality are under study by one of the original describers of Dravidosaurus.[4]

Gallery[]

Dravidosaurus/Gallery

In Media[]

  • Dravidosaurus was Featured in Pong's dinosaur battle and there Dino Master Duel card series as a Stegosaur

References[]

  1. Yadagiri, P., and Ayyasami, K., (1979). "A new stegosaurian dinosaur from Upper Cretaceous sediments of south India." Journal of the Geological Society of India, 20(11): 521-530.
  2. Chatterjee, S., and Rudra, D. K. (1996). "KT events in India: impact, rifting, volcanism and dinosaur extinction," in Novas & Molnar, eds., Proceedings of the Gondwanan Dinosaur Symposium, Brisbane, Memoirs of the Queensland Museum, 39(3): iv + 489–731 : 489-532
  3. Peter M. Galton; Paul Upchurch (2004). "Stegosauria". The Dinosauria (2nd ed.). Berkeley: University of California Press. pp. 343–362. ISBN 0-520-24209-2. 
  4. Peter M. Galton; Krishnan Ayyasami (2017). "Purported latest bone of a plated dinosaur (Ornithischia: Stegosauria), a "dermal plate" from the Maastrichtian (Upper Cretaceous) of southern India". Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie - Abhandlungen. 285 (1): 91–96. doi:10.1127/njgpa/2017/0671.
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