Temporal range: Late Cretaceous
Hypothetical Deinocheirus.jpg
An artist's illustration of Deinocheirus mirificus
Arms and shoulder blades of the holotype specimen in CosmoCaixa, Barcelona
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Saurischia
Suborder: Theropoda
Family: Deinocheiridae
Genus: Deinocheirus
Osmólska & Roniewicz, 1970
Species: D. mirificus
Binomial name
Deinocheirus mirificus
Osmólska & Roniewicz, 1970

Deinocheirus (pronounced /ˌdaɪnɵˈkaɪrəs/ dy-no-ky-rəs, Greek: 'terrible hand') is a genus of large theropod dinosaur, possibly an ornithomimosaurian, which lived in what is now southern Mongolia, during the late Cretaceous Period (Nemegt Formation, dating to around 70 million years ago). It was previously thought that he was a huge representative of the family Dromaeosauridae.This was refuted by finding other parts of the body.



The most well-preserved parts of Deinocheirus are its forelimbs, which measured 2.4 meters (8 feet) long — a 938 mm humerus, 688 mm ulna and 770 mm hand — including up to 19.6 centimeters (8 inches) long recurved claws. Each scapulocoracoid of the shoulder girdle has a length of 153 centimetres. The neck must also have been massive with each half of the paired ceratobranchialia measuring 42 centimetres.

Deinocheirus scale

Size comparison

The gigantic size of these skeletal elements has generated much speculation about the magnitude of the animal as a whole. Osmólska and Roniewicz thought it could be best compared with the Ornithomimosauria, as the structure of its arms is similar to the members of this group. Should Deinocheirus itself be a member this would make it by far the largest ornithomimosaur, indeed, one of the largest theropods. The describers estimated its size to be equal to the largest specimens of Tyrannosaurus.Its weight was in 1988 estimated by Gregory S. Paul to have been between six and twelve tonnes.Later estimates confirmed a number of roughly 9,000 kilograms (20,000 lbs). In 2010 Paul revised this to a length of ten metres and a weight of two tonnes.


More up to date illustration; done by Robert Fabiani

In 2010, Phil Senter and H.J. Robins attempted to estimate the total height at the hip of Deinocheirus. By studying more completely known theropods, they found that the length of the scapula (shoulder blade),

Outdated Deinocheirus

better than that of the humerus (upper arm bone), could be used to accurately predict hip height. Using the equation found over a range of theropods, Senter and Robins determined that Deinocheirus likely measured 3.3 meters (11 feet) -3.6 meters (12 feet) tall at the hip. This places it as possibly the tallest known theropod, taller than any contemporary predators such as Tarbosaurus.

An artist's rendition of a pair of nesting Deinocherius; illustration done by joschua knuppe

Though the arms of Deinocheirus have a considerable absolute size, being the longest of any known theropod, they are not very long relative to the shoulder girdle, the ratio being less than that with most ornithomimosaurs. The shoulder-blade is long and narrow.

The humerus is relatively slender. radius The ulna and too are elongated and not very firmly connected to each other in a syndesmosis. metacarpus The is long compared to the fingers. The hand had a good mobility relative to the lower arm but was only capable of a limited flexing motion, unable to close in grasping. The fingers are about equal in length to each other, the first being the stoutest and the second the longest. Only the claw of the left second finger has been preserved in its entirety; it has a diameter of 196 millimetres and a length along its outer curvature of 323 millimetres.
Deinocheirus mirificus by illustratedmenagerie dd4xmcp-pre

Paleo recreation; done by artist: IllustratedMenagerie

Deinocheirus's diet is uncertain, but due to its classification and the fact that fish scales and plants were discovered inside the stomach, it is most likely an omnivore. Furthermore, the mouth was adapted to eat small plants and animals, and occasionally, fungi.


Deinocheirus in Jurassic World: The Game




In Popular Culture

Due to it only been known by arms for decades, it hasen't been in pop culture much:

  • It has also appears in Jurassic World: The Game as a tournament dinosaur. While it is accurately portrayed with a coat of feathers, it is shown inaccurately to be able to pronate it's hands. Its hump appears to be much less pronounced than in real life, until its final evolution. Despite being an ornithomimid, in the game, it uses the same model for the therizinosaurids, TherizinosaurusSegnosaurus, and Erlikosaurus although it is likely because Deinocheirus looks more like a therizinosaurid than a ornithomimid.
  • Deinocherius will appear in Jurassic World: Alive. It's a lot more accurate than the Jurassic World: The Game Deinocheriuswith a more pronounced hump on its back and more duck-like mouth. Due it coming out in 2018, the Deinocheirus in Jurassic World: Alive is the most accurate Deinocheirus in media to date. While it is accurately portrayed with a coat of feathers, it is shown inaccurately to be able to pronate it's hands. Despite being an ornithomimid, in the game, it uses the same model for the therizinosaurid, Erlikosaurus although it is likely because Deinocheirus looks more like a therizinosaurid than a ornithomimid.
  • A young Deinocherius named Dennis appeared in a 2 part episode of Dinosaur Train.
  • A female Deinocheirus is one of the main characters in the 2019 NHK documentary, Amazing Dinoworld. It is shown accurately with feathers

Bizarre Dinosaurs Deinocheirus


1. Deinocheirus/Gallery

2. Ornithomimids/Gallery

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