Bubalus cebuensis
Cebu Tamaraw
An artist's illustration of a size comparison between a water buffalo, tamaraw along with a human compared to Bubalus cebuensis
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Artiodactyla
Family: Bovidae
Subfamily: Bovinae
Tribe: Bovini
Genus: Bubalus
Species: B. cebuensis
Binomial name
Bubalus cebuensis
Croft, Heaney, Flynn, and Bautista, 2006

The Cebu tamaraw (Bubalus cebuensis[1]) is a fossil dwarf buffalo discovered in the Philippines, and first described in 2006.

Anatomy and Morphology[]

The most distinctive feature of B. cebuensis was its small size. Large contemporary domestic water buffalo stand two metres (roughly six ft) at the shoulder and can weigh up to one tonne (around 2,000 lbs), B. cebuensis would have stood only 75 cm (about 2 ft 6 in) and weighed about 150 to 160 kg (around 300 lbs), smaller than another dwarf species Bubalus mindorensis.

The fossil specimen is likely Pleistocene or Holocene in age.

Evolutionary History[]

The fossil was discovered in a horizontal tunnel in soft karst at approximately 50 m elevation in K-Hill near Balamban, Cebu Island, Philippines by mining engineer Michael Armas.[3] The fossil was donated to America's Field Museum where it stayed un-analysed for almost 50 years.

  1. Scientific names are italicized according to common ICZN writing practice