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The Carboniferous is a geologic period and system that extends from the end of the Devonian Period, at 358.9 ± 0.4 million years ago, to the beginning of the Permian Period, at 298.9 ± 0.15 Ma. The name Carboniferous means "coal-bearing" and derives from the Latin words carbō(“coal”) and ferō (“I bear, I carry”), and was coined by geologists William Conybeare and William Phillips in 1822.
A simulation of the Carboniferous can be found here: http://www.extra-life.de
Primitive seed ferns appeared during the Devonian, but established further in the Carboniferous, as well as the beginning of cycads. By the late Carboniferous, 27 insect Orders had evolved- many of which were winged. Mandible and sucking mouthparts also evolved here, indicating a diversification of feeding habits in insects.