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The Carboniferous is a geologic period and system that extends from the end of the Devonian Period, at 358.9 ± 0.4 million years ago, to the beginning of the Permian Period, at 298.9 ± 0.15 Ma. The name Carboniferous means "coal-bearing" and derives from the Latin words carbō(“coal”) and ferō (“I bear, I carry”), and was coined by geologists William Conybeare and William Phillips in 1822.

A simulation of the Carboniferous can be found here: http://www.extra-life.de

Terrestrial biota

Primitive seed ferns appeared during the Devonian, but established further in the Carboniferous, as well as the beginning of cycads. By the late Carboniferous, 27 insect Orders had evolved- many of which were winged. Mandible and sucking mouthparts also evolved here, indicating a diversification of feeding habits in insects.