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Arthropleura
Temporal range: Late Carboniferous–Early Permian
ArthropleuraInfobox.jpg
A model of Arthropleura armata
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Diplopoda
Family: Arthropleuridae
Genus: Arthropleura
Meyer, 1853
Type species
Arthropleura armata
Meyer, 1853
Referred species
  • Arthropleura britannica (Andrée, 1910)
  • Arthropleura cristata (Richardson, 1959)
  • Arthropleura maillieuxi (Pruvost, 1930)
  • Arthropleura mammata (Salter, 1863)

Arthropleura was a giant, centipede-like arthropod from the Carboniferous period 320 to 299 million years ago, and was the largest known land arthropod ever.

Despite its relationship to centipedes it was actually omnivorous, or possibly even herbivorous, but could still have had venomous bites to protect itself from the few large predators that lived in the Carboniferous.

Paleobiology

Arthropleura was a giant millipede, it grew 1-8.5 feet (0.3–2.6 meters) in length and was covered in hard armored plating. Despite its menacing appearance, it was an omnivore or possibly a Herbivore.


In popular culture

  • In Walking with Monsters episode "Reptile's Beginnings", an Arthropleura was attacked by a Proterogyrinus, it tried to fight off the creature and injured it severely but ended up a meal for the giant amphibian.
  • It also made an appearance in Prehistoric Park where zoologist Nigel Marven was chasing after one, later he found another one buried in the dirt to escape the fire. Then Nigel caught the Arthropleura and then decided to bring it back to the park.
  • It made an appearance in Primeval being oversized and possessing a venomous bite.
  • A young Arthropleura was seen in the 2014 Film Dinosaur Island.
  • Arthropleura can be created in the game, Jurassic Park: Builder. At first, it could only in the Glacier card packs purchasable by real money. Since April 22nd, 2016, it became a DNA tournament limited edition. It is the first terrestrial arthropod to appear in the game. It is portrayed in-game as a carnivore when in reality, it was an herbivore. It uses the Titanoboa animations, even though they are unrelated, and share almost no anatomical similarities. Furthermore, it wouldn't survive in the cold climate of the Glacier Park (located in modern-day Patagonia) due to requiring a tropical climate and higher amounts of oxygen like those during the Carboniferous period.
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  • Arthropleura appeared in the documentary series called Prehistoric Chicago.

Gallery

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