Dinopedia
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Aristosuchus pusillis by karkemish00

Aristosuchus ("brave crocodile") is a genus of coelurosaurian compsognathid theropod dinosaur from the Early Cretaceous of England. It had little, sharp, needle-like teeth inside its jaws, for snapping up small animals such as frogs, insects, mammals, lizards, and early birds. Aristosuchus was about 6 feet long and weighed at least 50-100 pounds. It lived along with Iguanodon, Baryonyx, Valdosaurus, Hypsilophodon, Hylaeosaurus, Polacanthus, and Eotyrannus. Its close relatives are Compsognathus, Juravenator, and Sinosauropteryx. It was swift, may have been covered in downy feathers like Sinosauropteryx, and prpbably cared for its young, like a bird.

Article by Brian Tinnon 2/8/12

Discovery[]

The type species, Aristosuchus pusillus, was described in 1876 by Richard Owen and named Poekilopleuron pusillus.[1] The specific epithet means "small" in Latin. Harry Govier Seeley (1839–1909) gave it the name Aristosuchus in 1887.[2]

It was found in the Wealden Group dating to the Early Cretaceous (Barremian) in England, on the Isle of Wight, i.e. from about 125 million years ago.

Description[]

Aristosuchus was a bipedal, meat-eating (carnivorous) theropod dinosaur. This predator is thought to have been about 2 metres (6.6 ft) and is estimated to have weighed about 30 kilograms (66 lb). According to Gregory S. Paul, its weight was 7 kilograms (15 lb).[3]

The femur of Aristosuchus has a wing-like anterior trochanter and a markedly reduced fourth trochanter.

Classification[]

Aristosuchus was originally named as a new species of Poekilopleuron, P. pusillus, from the Wessex Formation of the Isle of Wight. Woodward and Sherborn (1890) regarded Aristosuchus pusillus as being based on the same specimen that Reverend William D. Fox named Calamospondylus oweni in 1866, and many authors followed suit (some regarding C. oweni as a nomen nudum).[4][5][6][7][8][9][10][11] However, Naish (1999, 2002) showed that Calamospondylus was based on a different specimen than the Aristosuchus holotype based on letters of correspondence between Richard Owen and Reverend Fox as well as discrepancies in the original description.[12][13]

Naish (1999, 2002) placed Aristosuchus in Compsognathidae.[12][13] Aristosuchus is known from holotype NHMUK R.178: a sacrum, a pubis, a femur and a few vertebrae. Two ungual phalanges were found nearby, which may have been from the same animal and would suggest long claws.

Gallery[]

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