Temporal range: Early-Late Cretaceous
An artist's illustration of Anhanguera blittersdorffi
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Order: Pterosauria
Suborder: Pterodactyloidea
Family: Anhangueridae
Genus: Anhanguera
Type species
Anhanguera blittersdorffi
Campos & Kellner, 1985
Referred species
  • A. santanae
    (Wellnhofer, 1985)
  • A. piscator?
    (Campos & Kellner, 1985)

Anhanguera is a genus of pterodactyloid pterosaur known from the Early Cretaceous Romualdo Formation of Brazil. This pterosaur is closely related to Ornithocheirus but belongs in the family ornithocheiridae.

The generic name comes from the tupi words añanga, meaning "spirit protector of the animals".


Anhanguera was a fish-eating animal with a wingspan of about 4.6 meters (15 feet).


There are two species of AnhangueraA. blittersdorfi, the type species; and A. piscatory. A. blittersdorfi is based on a complete skull from the Romualdo Formation calcareous concretions (Santana Group) of the Ceará and Pernambuco states of Brazil.[1][2][3][7] The species A. piscator, known from a nearly-complete skeleton, was at one point proposed to belong to the genus Coloborhynchus,[8] but has more recently been placed back into Anhanguera by Andres and Myers.[9] Also known from a complete skeleton is A. spielbergi, which was also originally considered a species of Coloborhynchus, but it is currently placed as a species of Maaradactylus.

In the Media

  • Anhanguera was featured in the video game Fossil Fighters for Nintendo 3ds.
  • Anhanguera appears in the video game Jurassic Park III: Park Builder.
  • Anhanguera appears in the anime Dinosaur King.


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