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Paleontology or paleontology (from Greek: paleo, "ancient"; ontos, "being"; and logos, "knowledge") is the study of prehistoric life forms on Earth through the examination of plant and animal fossils.[1] This includes the study of body fossils, tracks (ichnites), burrows, cast-off parts, fossilized feces (coprolites), palynomorphs and chemical residues. Because humans have encountered fossils for millennia, paleontology has a long history both before and after becoming formalized as a science. This article records significant discoveries and events related to paleontology that are scheduled to occur or be published in the year 2018.

Plants

Cnidarians

Research

New taxa

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Xystriphylloides distinctus[3]

Sp. nov

In press

Yu

Early Devonian

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A rugose coral.

Arthropods

Molluscs

Echinoderms

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Assericrinus[4]

Gen. et sp. nov

In press

Gale

Late Cretaceous (early Campanian)

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A crinoid. The type species is A. portusadernensis.

Hessicrinus apertus[4]

Sp. nov

In press

Gale

Late Cretaceous (early Campanian)

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A crinoid.

Hessicrinus cooperi[4]

Sp. nov

In press

Gale

Late Cretaceous (early Campanian)

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A crinoid.

Micraster woodi[5]

Sp. nov

In press

Schlüter & Wiese

Late Cretaceous (Turonian)

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A sea urchin.

Muicrinus[6]

Gen. et sp. nov

In press

Lin et al.

Ordovician (latest Floian-earliest Dapingian)

Dawan Formation

Template:Flag A crinoid related to Iocrinus. The type species is M. dawanensis.

Pahvanticystis[7]

Gen. et sp. nov

In press

Lefebvre & Lerosey-Aubril

Cambrian (Guzhangian)

Weeks Formation

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A solutan echinoderm. The genus includes new species P. utahensis.

Sagittacrinus alifer[4]

Sp. nov

In press

Gale

Late Cretaceous (early Campanian)

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A crinoid.

Sagittacrinus longirostris[4]

Sp. nov

In press

Gale

Late Cretaceous (early Campanian)

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A crinoid.

Conodonts

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Baltoniodus cooperi[8]

Sp. nov

In press

Carlorosi, Sarmiento & Heredia

Ordovician (Dapingian)

Santa Gertrudis Formation

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Neopolygnathus fibula[9]

Sp. nov

In press

Hartenfels & Becker

Devonian (Famennian)

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Pseudopolygnathus primus tafilensis[9]

Subsp. nov

In press

Hartenfels & Becker

Devonian (Famennian)

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Fish

Amphibians

Lizards and snakes

Research

  • A study on the manus of a putative stem-gekkotan from the Cretaceous amber from Myanmar will be published by Fontanarrosa, Daza & Abdala (2018), who report the presence of adaptations to climbing, including adhesive structures.[14]
  • A natural cast of the posterior brain, skull vessels and nerves, and the inner ear of Dinilysia patagonica will be described by Triviño et al. (2018).[15]

New taxa

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Anguis rarus[16]

Sp. nov

In press

Klembara & Rummel

Early Miocene

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A slow worm.

Ichthyosauromorphs

  • A reassessment of Ichthyosaurus communis and I. intermedius will be published by Massare & Lomax (2018), who consider the latter species to be a junior synonym of the former.[17]
  • A neonate specimen of Ichthyosaurus communis will be described by Lomax et al. (2018).[18]

Sauropterygians

Research

New taxa

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

[20]

Sp. nov

In press

Vincent et al.

Early Jurassic (Toarcian)

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Pourdanonectes likai Sp. nov In press Druckenmiller et al. Cretaceous Montana, USA

Turtles

Research

  • A study on the Early and Middle Triassic turtle tracks and their implications for the origin of turtles will be published by Lichtig et al. (2018).[21]
  • A study on the anatomy and phylogenetic relationships of Kallokibotion bajazidi based on well-preserved new fossil material will be published by Pérez-García & Codrea (2018).[22]
  • A restudy of the type material of the Late Cretaceous pan-chelid Linderochelys rinconensis and a description of new fossils of the species will be published by Jannello et al. (2018).[23]

New taxa

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Owadowia[24]

Gen. et sp. nov

In press

Szczygielski, Tyborowski & Błażejowski

Late Jurassic (Tithonian)

Kcynia Formation

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A member of Pancryptodira. The type species is O. borsukbialynickae.

Archosauriformes

Pseudosuchians

Research

New taxa

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Kinesuchus[31]

Gen. et sp. nov

In press

Filippi, Barrios & Garrido

Late Cretaceous (Santonian)

Bajo de la Carpa Formation

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A peirosaurid crocodyliform. The type species is K. overoi.

Non-avian dinosaurs

Research

New taxa

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images
Anodontosaurus inceptus Sp. nov Valid Penkalski Late Cretaceous Dinosaur Park Formation Canada A member of the family Ankylosauridae
Avimimus nemegtensis

[53]

Sp. nov In press Funston et al. Late Cretaceous Nemegt Formation Mongolia/China/Russia An oviraptorosaurian.
Caihong Gen. et sp. nov Valid Huet al. Late Jurassic Tiaojishan Formation China A paravian theropod The type species is C. juji.
Diluvicursor Gen. et sp. nov Valid Herne et al. Early Cretaceous Eumerella Formation Australia A small-bodied ornithopod. The type species is D. pickeringi
Jinyunpelta Gen. et sp. nov Valid Zheng et al. Cretaceous (Albian-Cenomanian) Liangtoutang Formation China A member of the family Ankylosauridae belonging to the subfamily Ankylosaurinae. The type species is J. sinensis.
Mansourasaurus Gen. et sp.nov Valid Sallam et al. Late Cretaceous Quseir Formation Egypt A titanosaur sauropod. The type species is M. shahinae.
Platypelta Gen. et sp. nov Valid Penkalski Late Cretaceous Dinosaur Park Formation Canada A member of the family Ankylosauridae. Genus includes new species P. coombsi.
Scolosaurus thronus Sp. nov Valid Pensalski Late Cretaceous Dinosaur Park Formation Canada A member of the family Ankylosauridae.
Sibirotitan Gen. et sp. nov Valid Averianov et al. Early Cretaceous Ilek Formation Russsia A non-titanosaurian somphospondyl sauropod. Genus includes new species S. astrosacralis.

Birds

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Haastornis

Sp. nov

In press

Gegry & Mo et al.

Miocene

New Zealand

a hawk. the type species is H. haasti
Vegavis puncintherrorni Sp. nov In press Vun, Karl, Miller, Gegry and Mo Late Cretaceous Antarctica

Pterosaurs

Research

New taxa

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images
Turkanadraco Gen. et sp. nov In press Karanja et al. Cretaceous (Aptian) Lubur Sandstone Formation Kenya A member of Azhdarchoidea. The type species is T. lubur.

Xericeps [63]

Gen. et sp. nov

In press

Martill et al.

Cretaceous (Albian or early Cenomanian)

Kem Kem Beds

Morocco

A member of Azhdarchoidea. The type species is X. curvirostris.

Other archosauriforms

New taxa

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Pisanosaurus eumertii

Gen. et sp. nov

In press

Druckenmiller et al.

Triassic

Rockho Beds

Argentina

Other reptiles


Synapsids

Non-mammalian synapsids

Mammals

Other animals

Research

New taxa

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Austroscolex sinensis[75]

Sp. nov

In press

Liu et al.

Cambrian (Paibian)

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A palaeoscolecid.

Broggeria omaguaca[76]

Sp. nov

In press

Benedetto, Lavie & Muñoz

Ordovician (Tremadocian)

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A brachiopod.

Codositubulus[77]

Gen. et sp. nov

In press

Gámez Vintaned et al.

Cambrian

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A tubicolous animal of uncertain phylogenetic placement. The type species is C. grioensis.

Cornulites gondwanensis[78]

Sp. nov

In press

Gutiérrez-Marco & Vinn

Ordovician (Hirnantian)

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A member of Cornulitida.

Cyrtiorina houi[79]

Sp. nov

In press

Zong & Ma

Devonian (Famennian)

Hongguleleng Formation

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A brachiopod belonging to the group Spiriferida.

Micrascidites gothicus[80]

Sp. nov

In press

Sagular, Yümün & Meriç

Quaternary

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A didemnid ascidian.

Monniotia minutula[80]

Sp. nov

In press

Sagular, Yümün & Meriç

Quaternary

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A didemnid ascidian.

Shaanxiscolex[81]

Gen. et sp. nov

In press

Yang et al.

Cambrian Stage 4

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A palaeoscolecid. The type species is S. xixiangensis.

Other organisms

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Synsphaeridium parahioense[82]

Sp. nov

In press

Yin et al.

Cambrian Series 3

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An acritarch.

General paleontology

Research related to paleontology that either does not concern any of the groups of the organisms listed above, or concerns multiple groups.


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