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Edmarka
Temporal range: Tithonian
Edmarka2.jpg
Life restoration of E. rex
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Sauropsida
Superorder: Dinosauria
Order: Saurischia
Suborder: Theropoda
Family: Megalosauridae
Subfamily: Torvosaurinae
Genus: Edmarka
Binomial name
Edmarka rex
Bakker, Kralis, Siegwarth & Filla, 1992

Edmarka is a genus of dinosaur from the Late Jurassic of North America. The name honors scientist Bill Edmark. It was a theropod closely related to Torvosaurus, and may, in fact, be a junior synonym of that genus. Its fossils, including a partial skeleton, were found at Como Bluff, Wyoming.[1]

The type species, E. rex, was described in 1992 by Robert Bakker, Donald Kralis, James Siegwarth and James Filla. They distinguished their new species from Torvosaurus tanneri by features of the jugal bone, which shows both primitive and derived features. The scapula-coracoid, ribs, and pubis were also described. Bakker et al. were impressed with the size of Edmarka, noting that it "would rival T. rex in total length," and viewing this approximate size as "a natural ceiling for dinosaurian meat-eaters." Torvosaurine megalosaurs appear to occupy the top predator niche only in the lower and middle Morrison Formation, and were replaced in the upper Morrison Formation by giant allosaurids. The presence of Torvosaurus and Edmarka in various Morrison Formation rocks upholds Dr. Robert T. Bakker's theory that there is only one large predator in a setting, and the presence of it prevents the evolution of any other.

Overall Edmarka was around 35 feet and was a fierce meat eater. In popular culture Edmarka is not well known mainly because he gets overshadowed by other carnivores of that time like Allosaurus and Saurophaganax.[2]

References

  1. Bakker, R.T., Siegwarth, J., Kralis, D. & Filla, J., 1992, "Edmarka rex, a new, gigantic theropod dinosaur from the middle Morrison Formation, Late Jurassic of the Como Bluff outcrop region", Hunteria, 2(9): 1–24
  2. Hendrickx, C.; Mateus, O. (2014). Evans, Alistair Robert. ed. "Torvosaurus gurneyi n. sp., the Largest Terrestrial Predator from Europe, and a Proposed Terminology of the Maxilla Anatomy in Nonavian Theropods". PLoS ONE 9 (3): e88905. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0088905. PMID 24598585. PMC Template:=pmcentrez&artidTemplate:=3943790 3943790. http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0088905. 
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